Morningside Heights

Manhattan , NY

The first institution to move into the area was New York Hospital, which began purchasing land in 1816 to establish the Bloomingdale Insane Asylum (on the present-day campus of Columbia University) and the Leake and Watts Orphan Asylum (on the present-day campus of St. John the Divine) in 1821 and 1834, respectively. The stigma of an insane asylum, compounded by inadequate transit access to the area, hindered other development until the late 19th century, when the hospital auctioned off its real estate holdings and relocated to White Plains in favor of more space and fresher air. The asylum’s relocation prompted a flurry of development by other institutions intent on expansion, starting with the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in 1887 and followed by St. Luke’s Hospital, Columbia College and Teacher’s College in 1892.

The introduction of the subway into Morningside Heights in 1904, coupled with the neighborhood’s magnificent parks and prestigious institutions, led to a frenzy of speculative apartment house construction, attracting middle-class residents who could now commute directly downtown to work. Even before the advent of zoning regulations for land use, developers erected rowhouses and modest apartment buildings on the side streets and grand apartment houses on the avenues, with particularly monumental examples on Riverside Drive, Claremont Avenue and Cathedral Parkway, and mixed-use commercial buildings along Broadway, giving the neighborhood a heterogeneous yet cohesive character. Morningside Heights’ unorthodox yet distinctive sense of place comes from the coexistence of residential and institutional clusters, as exemplified by elegant rowhouses and apartment buildings just steps away from renowned academic institutions and houses of worship.

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Yuengling Brewery Complex (6 items)

STATUS: Threatened

Aaron Dexter, Academic Classic, Adamesque, Addisleigh ... VIEW ALL

Address: Amsterdam Avenue at West 127th & 128th Streets Constructed: 1905 LPC Action: Calendared 1991 LPC Backlog Hearing: Removed from calendar without prejudice This LEARN MORE
Address: Amsterdam Avenue at West 127th & 128th Streets Constructed: 1905 LPC Action: Calendared 1991 LPC Backlog Hearing: Removed from calendar without prejudice This LEARN MORE
Cathedral Church of St. John the Divine and the Cathedral Close
1047 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY, USA

STATUS: Designated Individual Landmark

Aaron Dexter, Academic Classic, Adamesque, Addisleigh ... VIEW ALL

The Cathedral and the complex represent many phases of development over a long period of time and remain incomplete. Even LEARN MORE
The Cathedral and the complex represent many phases of development over a long period of time and remain incomplete. Even LEARN MORE
Morningside Park
Morningside Park, Morningside Drive, New York, NY, USA

STATUS: Designated Individual Landmark

Aaron Dexter, Academic Classic, Adamesque, Addisleigh ... VIEW ALL

Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux, renowned landscape designers at the time, also designed included Central Park, Prospect Park, and LEARN MORE
Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux, renowned landscape designers at the time, also designed included Central Park, Prospect Park, and LEARN MORE
General Ulysses S. Grant Tomb
W 122nd St & Riverside Dr, New York, NY 10027

STATUS: Designated Individual Landmark

Aaron Dexter, Academic Classic, Adamesque, Addisleigh ... VIEW ALL

Designated November 25, 1975 The General Grant National Memorial, the work of architect John H. Duncan, is one of the LEARN MORE
Designated November 25, 1975 The General Grant National Memorial, the work of architect John H. Duncan, is one of the LEARN MORE
General Grant Memorial Interior
General Grant National Memorial, New York, NY, USA

STATUS: Designated Interior Landmark

Aaron Dexter, Academic Classic, Adamesque, Addisleigh ... VIEW ALL

The General Grant National Memorial Interior is dominated by a center crypt with twin sarcophagi holding the bodies of General LEARN MORE
The General Grant National Memorial Interior is dominated by a center crypt with twin sarcophagi holding the bodies of General LEARN MORE

All Buildings in Morningside Heights
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