Designated: June 15, 1993
Considered Sugar Hill’s most prestigious address from the 1930s through the 1950s, the apartment building at 409 Edgecombe Avenue portrays through its illustrious roster of tenants the achievement of African-Americans “since the Harlem Renaissance. The building, known simply as “409,” was first open to African-Americans in the late 1920s and soon attracted numerous outstanding leaders in the fields of civil rights, politics, law, education, medicine, scholarship, music and the arts. These included W .E. B. DuBois, Walter White, William Stanley Braithwaite, Aaron Douglas, Thurgood Marshall, and Roy Wilkins, among others. Constructed in 1916-17 to the designs of Schwartz & Gross, a prominent firm well-known for its apartment houses, 409 is an imposing thirteen-story structure with a curved, three-part facade, commanding a view of Jackie Robinson Park (originally Colonial Park) and the Harlem River from its
prominent hilltop site. The home of New York City’s African-American intellectual and cultural
elite, 409 was long a center of Sugar Hill society.
STATUS Designated Individual Landmark
“I don’t know what the City would be without HDC. [They] testified before LPC time after time and helped us focus on the right issues. We would not be an historic district without HDC! ”
Doreen Gallo: DUMBO Neighborhood Alliance
“Use HDC as a resource because they know what they are doing and can offer advice on how to go about creating a district from every front: architectural, political, LPC, and the media. I had floundered prior to my involvement with this invaluable organization.”
Fern Luskin: Lamartine Place Historic District; Friends of Lamartine Place & Gibbons Underground Railroad Site
“HDC provided guidance and shared information during that process—we knew which Council members were going one way or another and we changed a few minds. I don’t think NoHo would have had as cohesive a district had it not been for HDC’s aid.”
Zella Jones: NoHo Historic District; NoHo East; and NoHo Extension
“I remember Richard saying at a meeting, we have someone here from HDC, Nadezhda Williams, Director of Preservation and Research, to help us. She said to us, ‘You are not the only ones going through this.’ HDC included us in an enormous community”
Erika Petersen: West End Preservation Society
"HDC has begun a series of projects to highlight the Bronx's architectural and cultural history. From booklet's and research highlighting specific sites and historic districts to the HDC's symposium in October 2018 to the latest community-based committee to look into further possible sites to qualify for landmarking, the HDC has established projects that will serve the Bronx community well."
City Lore, Folklorist
Bronx Music Heritage Center, Co-Artistic Director
"Welcome2TheBronx is grateful for the advocacy done by the Historic Districts Council on behalf of the people of The Bronx. Through their deep connections and understanding of the importance of preserving our local histories, The Bronx has been able to have several spotlights shown on endangered communities as gentrification creeps into the borough."
Ed García Conde,
founder and Executive Director,