The Plaza Hotel is located in a prominent site overlooking Central Park. The interior of the Hotel Plaza consists of the Fifth Avenue lobby vestibules, the 59th Street Lobby, the Edwardian Room, Grand Ballroom Foyer, the Main Corridors, Oak Room and Bar, and Terrace Room Corridor.
Since it was built in 1907, the Plaza Hotel has remained as one of the world’s great hotels since it opened in 1907, is located on a prominent site overlooking Central Park, Grand Army Plaza and Fifth Avenue. In 1971 The New York Times architecture critic, Ada Louise Huxtable, called it “New York’s most celebrated symbol of cosmopolitan and turn-of-the-century splendor, inside and out.”
Hardenbergh was one of the most prominent architects of his time, as he set standards for the design of luxury American hotels on the exterior and interior of his buildings. The Beaux-Arts style 59th Street Lobby and Main Corridor feature strikingly veined and carefully matched stonework in white and Breccia marble. The German Renaissance Revival style Oak Room features wood paneling with elaborate carvings on the west wall, murals of medieval castles and a coved plaster ceiling. The Spanish Renaissance Revival style Edwardian Room features a paneled wood wainscoting and an elaborate trussed ceiling with carved bosses, stenciled decorations and mirrors. The neo-Classical style Palm Court features walls faced with Caen stone and accented with a giant order of highly polished marble pilasters, a colonnade of marble columns separating the space from the main corridor and marble caryatids representing the Four Seasons on the west wall.
To the east, the Hotel faces toward Fifth Avenue, but is separated from it by the Pulitzer Memorial Fountain which forms part of the Grand Army Plaza, extending from 58th Street to 60th Street, ending with Augustus Saint-Gaudens 7 great equestrian statue of General Sherman. The whole design of this area is like that of a European square and is one of the few squares of this quality existing in New York City. Although the surrounding buildings are not stylistically unified, at least some attempt was made to relate them through use of materials and the treatment of the facades.
STATUS Designated Exterior and Interior Landmark
Upper West Side
The Upper West Side is located along the western side of Central Park from 59th Street to 110th Street. The Upper West Side has several Historic Districts and Individual Landmarks.Explore the Neighborhood >
“I don’t know what the City would be without HDC. [They] testified before LPC time after time and helped us focus on the right issues. We would not be an historic district without HDC! ”
Doreen Gallo: DUMBO Neighborhood Alliance
“Use HDC as a resource because they know what they are doing and can offer advice on how to go about creating a district from every front: architectural, political, LPC, and the media. I had floundered prior to my involvement with this invaluable organization.”
Fern Luskin: Lamartine Place Historic District; Friends of Lamartine Place & Gibbons Underground Railroad Site
“HDC provided guidance and shared information during that process—we knew which Council members were going one way or another and we changed a few minds. I don’t think NoHo would have had as cohesive a district had it not been for HDC’s aid.”
Zella Jones: NoHo Historic District; NoHo East; and NoHo Extension
“I remember Richard saying at a meeting, we have someone here from HDC, Nadezhda Williams, Director of Preservation and Research, to help us. She said to us, ‘You are not the only ones going through this.’ HDC included us in an enormous community”
Erika Petersen: West End Preservation Society