Plaza Hotel – Exterior and Interior

STATUS Designated Exterior and Interior Landmark

768 Fifth Avenue and 2 Central Park South

ARCHITECT: Henry Janeway Hardenbergh

DATE: 1905-07

STYLE: Beaux-Arts, German Renaissance Revival, Spanish Renaissance Revival, Neo-Classical

Beaux-Arts German Renaissance Revival Manhattan Neo-Classical ... VIEW ALL

The Plaza Hotel is located in a prominent site overlooking Central Park. The interior of the Hotel Plaza consists of the Fifth Avenue lobby vestibules, the 59th Street Lobby, the Edwardian Room, Grand Ballroom Foyer, the Main Corridors, Oak Room and Bar, and Terrace Room Corridor.

Since it was built in 1907, the Plaza Hotel has remained as one of the world’s great hotels since it opened in 1907, is located on a prominent site overlooking Central Park, Grand Army Plaza and Fifth Avenue. In 1971 The New York Times architecture critic, Ada Louise Huxtable, called it “New York’s most celebrated symbol of cosmopolitan and turn-of-the-century splendor, inside and out.”

Hardenbergh was one of the most prominent architects of his time, as he set standards for the design of luxury American hotels on the exterior and interior of his buildings. The Beaux-Arts style 59th Street Lobby and Main Corridor feature strikingly veined and carefully matched stonework in white and Breccia marble. The German Renaissance Revival style Oak Room features wood paneling with elaborate carvings on the west wall, murals of medieval castles and a coved plaster ceiling. The Spanish Renaissance Revival style Edwardian Room features a paneled wood wainscoting and an elaborate trussed ceiling with carved bosses, stenciled decorations and mirrors. The neo-Classical style Palm Court features walls faced with Caen stone and accented with a giant order of highly polished marble pilasters, a colonnade of marble columns separating the space from the main corridor and marble caryatids representing the Four Seasons on the west wall.

To the east, the Hotel faces toward Fifth Avenue, but is separated from it by the Pulitzer Memorial Fountain which forms part of the Grand Army Plaza, extending from 58th Street to 60th Street, ending with Augustus Saint-Gaudens 7 great equestrian statue of General Sherman. The whole design of this area is like that of a European square and is one of the few squares of this quality existing in New York City. Although the surrounding buildings are not stylistically unified, at least some attempt was made to relate them through use of materials and the treatment of the facades.

STATUS Designated Exterior and Interior Landmark

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The Upper West Side is located along the western side of Central Park from 59th Street to 110th Street. The Upper West Side has several Historic Districts and Individual Landmarks.

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